Sea Ports in DMIC States
Study of Port infrastructure pertinent to Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor includes review of port infrastructure in DMIC states, maritime investment plans and performance of major and minor ports of Maharashtra and Gujarat, review of traffic projections carried out by Ministry of Shipping.
Draft Availability in the Channel: 11.7mts, to be enhanced to 14.5mts
Cargo Profile: Iron & Steel, Salt, POL, Chemicals, Fertilizers, Timber
Traffic Handled in 2005-06: 45.90 Million Tonnes
Existing Capacity (31/03/06): 46 MTPA
Proposed Capacity Addition by 2011-12: 68.40 MTPA
Total Proposed Capacity by 2011-12: 114.4 MTPA
Major Schemes envisaged at Kandla Port include
. Container Terminal at 11th & 12th Cargo Berths, being commissioned (7.2 MTPA)
. Marine Terminal at Vadinar, recently commissioned (12 MTPA)
. Construction of 13-16th Cargo Berths for Dry Cargo/ Break Bulk (8 MTPA)
. Creation of Berthing and Allied facilities near Tuna for Coal, Cement, Fertilizers, Food grains, crude/products (20 MTPA)
. Setting up off-shore liquid terminal (12 MTPA)
. Strengthening Berth Nos. 1-6 for Dry Cargo (4.2 MTPA)
In addition, Kandla Port Trust has invited Expression of Interest for developing a modern/ world-class ship-building/ repairing yard at Tuna to take advantage of availability of natural deep draft (17.5mts) and moreover, 1200 Acres of land also has been earmarked in the vicinity enabling requisite land side developments.
In addition to the three major ports discussed above, private ports of Mundra and Pipavav are in the process of developing large container, dry bulk and liquid bulk handling capacities. The private LNG port set up by Shell Gas & Power at Hazira also proposes to build a 2 million TEU container terminal.
Major Proposed Projects for Non-Major Ports in Gujarat
. T-2 Terminal (Bulk) at GAPL (Mundra) - 3 MTPA
. Essar Captive Jetty Expansion - 10 MTPA
. Container Terminal at GAPL Mundra - 5 MTPA
. PLL LNG at Dahej - 5 MTPA
. GPPL Expansion at Pipavav - 3 MTPA
. Solid Cargo Terminal at Dahej - 5 MTPA
. Private Jetties at Bedi, Okha - 2 MTPA
. RIL additional SPMS- 20 MTPA
. Gujarat Ambuja Extension- 3 MTPA
. Gujarati Shidhi Cement- 3 MTPA
. HPPL at Hazira for Solid Cargo - 5 MTPA
. Greenfield Port at Maroli - 10 MTPA
Major Proposed Projects for Non-Major Ports in Maharashtra
. Development of All-Weather and Multi-Purpose Port at Dighi, Raigad for Dry Bulk and Container Traffic - 18.15 MTPA, 0.28 Mn TEUs
. Development of All-Weather and Multi-Purpose Port at Rewas-Aware, Raigad- 44.70 MTPA, 1.7 MTEUS
. Development of All-Weather and Multi-purpose Port at Jaigad, Ratnagiri for Coal, Bauxite Ore and Containers - 5.3 MTPA
. Development of Greenfield Port facilities at Dhamankhol Bay, Jaigad, Ratnagiri for Coal and Bulk Cargo- 6 MTPA
. Development of All-weather and Multi-Purpose Port at Vijaydurg for Dry Bulk, Container and Liquid - 75 MTPA
. Development of Captive Port Facilities at Girye Bay, Vijaydurg, Sidhudurg for Coal- 15 MTPA
. Development of All-Weather and Multi-Purpose Port at Redi for Dry Bulk, Container, Liquid - 3.3 MTPA
Projections of Port Traffic by MoS
Under its Maritime Development Program (2005), the Ministry of Shipping has planned large-scale investments for the development of ports infrastructure and enhancing their traffic handling capacities.
The MoS has also estimated that nearly 45% of container traffic handled at the major ports is likely to be moved by the rail mode. Thus, assuming that 65% of the total container volume of 20.95 million TEUs in 2013-14 is handled at ports in the western region (viz 13.62 million TEUs) and 45% of this will move by rail (viz 6.13 Mn TEUs), the container traffic alone will generate about 93 trains each way per day. This reinforces the conviction that availability of the western DFC will be absolutely essential to carry this as well as other rail borne traffic.
Review of Projections
Projections of container traffic in terms of TEUs made in the JN Port study are more conservative as compared with projections made by MoS. This is so because these have been tampered with the likely growth in port capacities. Besides, an anticipated growth of 17 to 18% per annum may not be sustainable over a long term. Be as it may, in either case rapid growth in containerized as well as noncontainerized traffic is on the cards and the country's rail, port and road systems develop in tandem.
Future Prospects for Augmentation of Port Infrastructure in DMIC
Based on the review of potential for augmentation of existing ports and development of Greenfield Ports in Gujarat and Maharashtra, following port infrastructure projects are put forward for consideration under DMIC:
. Developing Greenfield Port at Alewadi / Dighi in Maharashtra.
. Developing Greenfield Ports at Maroli and Dholera and additional developments at Dahej and Hazira Ports in Gujarat.
Proper rail and road links to these ports would also need to be developed through collaboration of the various agencies concerned - State Government, Railways, NHAI and the DMIC Authority. Brief of the potentials of identified Ports, as per the assessments of maritime boards of Gujarat and Maharasthra, is as follows:
Greenfield Port at Alewadi, Thane District, Maharashtra
Alewadi port is located 60nautical miles north of Mumbai in approximate position Lat. 19°46.3' N and Long. 73°41.5' E. This site has potential for development of large port to handle all sizes of vessels. This Port is located close to the well established Tarapur Industrial Estate that comprises of engineering, chemical, textiles, paints, drugs and pharmaceutical industries. According to traffic projections carried out by Maharashtra Maritime Board, Alewadi Port has the potential to cater to traffic throughput of 8.5MTPA primarily constituting Fertilizer Material. Alewadi Port also has the potential to serve as a good feeder port for containers to supplement JNPT
Economic potential is good as there is a well established Tarapur Industrial Estate comprising of engineering, chemical, textiles, paints, drugs and pharmaceutical industries.
Greenfield Port at Dighi, Raigad District, Maharashtra
Dighi Port is located at about 45nautical miles south of Mumbai and is being developed to handle panamax size vessels. Dighi Port has received environmental clearance. Tendering Process for construction of Port is underway. Government of India has accorded approval for setting up Dighi Port Based Multi Product Special Economic Zone inclusive of Free Trade Warehousing Zone.
Greenfield Port at Maroli, Valsad District, Gujarat
Maroli is situated in Valsad district at 11km from Umbergaon in South Gujarat region along the West Coast. Located at Lat 20°12'00" N and Long 72°45'00" E, Maroli offers immense opportunities for development through private sector participation. In an estimate carried out by Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB), Maroli Port has the potential to conjugate with JN Port and Mumbai Port and cater to 13.10 Mn Tonnes in 2010 primarily constituting Coal, Clinker/Cement, Containers, LNG and General Cargo. Maroli Port also has the advantage of land availability to the tune of 830 Ha, mainly owned by the Government; and connectivity to National Highway No.8 at a distance of 21km and broad-gauge rail connectivity at a distance of 9km.
GMB envisaged following facilities at Maroli:
. Lagoon Type of Harbour enclosed by Diaphragm walls for construction of Wharf
. Phase-I development is envisaged to be included with construction of berthing wharf of 600m in water of 10m depth. It requires capital dredging.
. Estimated Project Cost for Phase-I is about INR 600 Crore.
Greenfield Port at Dholera with Investment Region
Dholera, being located at southern side of Saurashtra peninsula near Bhavnagar and in the Gulf of Cambay, with a deep draft of 15-18m and tidal amplitude of the order of 10m, offers excellent opportunity to develop it as a Port catering to deep draft vessels and also meets with the unique requirement for development of ship building/ repairing facilities. Moreover the wind and wave condition in this region is also favourable for similar business investors. GMB has short listed Dholera for development of maritime related industries in collaboration with global manufacturers in the field of ship building/repairing business.
It is proposed to develop an all-weather modern port at Dholera with industrial development in a land parcel of over 250Sqkm area. Dholera Port has the potential to cater to ship building and ship repairing industries; offers opportunity to develop berths for salt export along with new berths and jetties for catering to industrial/ manufacturing sectors such as auto/auto component, engineering etc.
Few of the proposed industrial investments at Dholera include:
. Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd proposed to develop Dholera as a substitute for Pipavav and Porbandar Ports for the trades catering to and from its plant at Sutrapada in Gujarat
. Proposed Cement Production facility by M/s J.K.White Cement.
GMB has proposed development of Dholera Port as an all-weather direct-berthing port with 8 dry cargo jetties, 3 liquid jetties along with a container depot. It also envisages establishment of Chemical Estate, including facilities for Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd. In terms of connectivity, Dholera Port has the opportunity to get connected with the hinterland with a road linkage to Bhavnagar (11km distance) and to Ahmedabad along with provision of requisite broad gauge rail connectivity.
Development of Dahej Port, Bharuch District, Gujarat
Dahej Port is being developed by Gujarat Maritime Board through joint sector participation. Review of developments at Dahej till date indicates that:
. Gujarat Chemical Port Terminal Company Limited (GCPTCL), the joint sector company that includes Government of Gujarat and state owned companies, is promoted to develop a Chemical Terminal at Dahej with a capacity to handle 1.82 Mn Tonnes of Liquid Chemicals at a total investment size of INR 850 Crore.
. M/s Petronet LNG Limited, a company promoted by GAIL, ONGC and other oil PSUs, has developed a LNG terminal that has been operational from February 2004. The planned terminal capacity is 5.0 Mn Tonnes for LNG and 3.0 Mn Tonnes of dry bulk cargo with a total investment of INR 3130 Crore.
In a demand assessment study carried out by GMB indicates that Dahej Port has potential to cater to traffic throughput of 30 MTPA in 2015. Moreover, development of Greater Dahej- Hazira Economic Zone is being contemplated, in the lines of Rotterdam, to also cater to container traffic in addition to LNG, Liquid bulk and dry bulk cargo along with multi-modal transportation facilities viz. pipelines, rail, road and coastal shipping. Moreover, this region is envisaged to have value added services such as warehousing & distribution facilities, transporters & forwarders zone, automobile exports, petro SEZ, Agro-Processing & Export Zone, Chemical Zone (basic chemicals for imports and speciality chemicals for exports).
It is identified that development of Greater Dahej-Hazira Economic Zone requires widening and strengthening of Dahej-Bharuch and Surat-Hazira roads to 4-lane divided carriageway configuration along with gauge conversion of Dahej-Bharuch and Hazira (Gothangam) - Kosad railway lines from Meter gauge to Broad gauge.